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Biodiversity Net Gain

  • Various

  • Created habitats
  • England


Biodiversity net gain (BNG) is a strategy to develop land and contribute to the recovery of nature. It is a way of making sure the habitat for wildlife is in a better state than it was before development.

Fund manager & award size

DEFRA, Natural England

The award size depends on many factors. Land managers are advised to come up with a price for units, considering: management of the land covering at least 30 years; monitoring and reporting; ecologist or other experts’ costs; insurance; costs to cover work if the habitat fails; machinery, tools and other staff to carry out the tasks; inflation and market competition costs; the cost of experts to review your legal agreement. See the scheme website for additional guidance.


The scheme involves land managers, developers, and local planning authorities. Land managers can sell biodiversity units. Land managers can be: a landowner, a farmer, an estate owner, a local authority, a habitat bank operator, a facilities, property or estate manager, a land agent, a land advisor. See the scheme website for additional details.

How to apply

See the scheme website for guidance.


Application deadline

The scheme will apply from November 2023 for developments in the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, unless exempt. It will apply to small sites from April 2024. See the scheme website for updates..

Last reviewed


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