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Kelp Restoration Guidebook: Lessons Learned from Kelp Restoration Projects Around the World


This guidebook was informed by a series of global workshops and an expert panel, and aims to share lessons learned from kelp restoration efforts globally. It is a starting point for practitioners, researchers, managers, and custodians to learn about restoration and access a community of practice. While there are no UK authors or case studies, it still contains useful information. It covers the need for restoration, how to engage with partners and stakeholders, site selection, biosecurity, licensing, restoration methods including transplanting and seeding, control of over-grazing (mainly by sea urchins), artificial reefs, monitoring and futureproofing.

Before reading this guidance, it is worth reading the entry on the Sussex Kelp Recovery Project, which explains why they are taking a different approach (passive rewilding), although they also link to this guidebook.


Guidance type/project stage

  • Ecosystem creation
  • Governance
  • Implementation
  • Ecosystem management
  • Monitoring and assessment
  • Planning
  • Ecosystem restoration


  • Coastal and marine

Challenges addressed

  • Climate change adaptation
  • Biodiversity
  • Food production
  • Health, wellbeing & cultural value
  • Climate change mitigation
  • Water quality

Source | United Nations Environment Programme

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