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Health Impact Assessment of Greenspace: A Guide


This document presents the case for doing Health Impact Assessments of proposals affecting greenspace, but it could also be more widely applicable to other types of nature-based solutions.

Chapter 4 provides a step by step guide to three different levels of assessment:
Screening – a short, structured discussion of a proposal involving people with relevant expertise and experience, seeking to identify affected populations and potential impacts. If this identifies any concern about significant negative health impacts on the population then the next level should proceed.
Rapid appraisal – more detailed assessment of affected populations usually including a community profile. This requires reference to the research literature and evidence base, and usually incorporates input from stakeholders and key informants.
Detailed/comprehensive HIA – includes detailed community profiling, systematic literature review and evidence review and extensive stakeholder and community consultation, and possibly gathering of primary data.


Guidance type/project stage

  • Monitoring and assessment
  • Planning


  • Any ecosystem
  • Urban
  • Woodland

Challenges addressed

  • Health, wellbeing & cultural value

Source | Greenspace Scotland

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