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A narrative for conserving freshwater and wetland habitats in England


This report presents general principles for conserving freshwater habitats. It describes all the different types of freshwater and wetland habitats in England, their characteristic biodiversity value and ecological function, the natural and anthropogenic factors affecting them, the principles that should be applied to their management, and the main policy mechanisms involved in their conservation.


Guidance type/project stage

  • Ecosystem management
  • Ecosystem restoration


  • Freshwater
  • Ponds
  • Rivers
  • Wetland

Challenges addressed

  • Biodiversity

Source | Natural England

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